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allium cepa common name

Common Name(s): Onion; Onions; Shallot; Shallots; Phonetic Spelling AL-ee-um see-puh This plant has low severity poison characteristics. Botanical name: Allium cepa 'Sturon' Common name: Onion ; Family: Alliaceae ; Key features: Prefers rich soil Bulbing onions can be used all year round, either fresh from the garden or storage. [60][71], Sweet onions have a greater water and sugar content than cooking onions. Allium cepa proliferum is the tree onion, it produces bulbils instead of flowers in the inflorescence. [54] Synthetic onion lachrymatory factor has been used in a study related to tear production,[55] and has been proposed as a nonlethal deterrent against thieves and intruders. Allium cepa, commonly known as onion, is a worldwide culinary and therapeutic spice belonging to the family Liliaceae. aggregatum G. Don : Allium cepa var. Onion. [56][57], Onions are best cultivated in fertile soils that are well-drained. Family: Lilliaceae. Sweet onions can be stored refrigerated; they have a shelf life of around 1 month. Porrum cepa (L.) Rchb. VIDEO Created by Elisabeth Meyer for "Edibles, Bulbs, and Houseplants" a plant identification course offered in partnership with Longwood Gardens. Scientific Name: Allium cepa. It is caused by Botrytis allii, which attacks the neck and upper parts of the bulb, causing a grey mould to develop. For other uses, see, "Onions" redirects here. In time, a dry rot sets in and the bulb becomes a dry, mummified structure. Bulbs have golden brown skins and a good flavour, and store well into winter. Allium cepa, commonly called shallots, are considered essential in French cooking, with a flavor somewhere between onions and garlic. [78], This article is about the plant. They are propagated almost exclusively from daughter bulbs, although reproduction from seed is possible. The inflorescence takes the form of a globular umbel of white flowers with parts in sixes. Allium cepa Aggregatum Group ‘Golden Gourmet’ is an improved version of traditional variety ‘Giant Yellow’. It belongs to plant family Liliaceae. All lower taxonomy nodes (1) Common name i: Onion: Synonym i-Other names i ›Allium cepa L. Rank i: SPECIES: Lineage i … [7] This gas diffuses through the air and soon reaches the eyes, where it activates sensory neurons. The onion is a cultivated vegetable of great antiquity and is not known as a wild plant. Lacrimal glands produce tears to dilute and flush out the irritant. [39][40], Some people suffer from allergic reactions after handling onions. Allergic reactions may not occur when eating cooked onions, possibly due to the denaturing of the proteins from cooking. Asked by Wiki User. Find all the symptoms of ALLIUM CEPA ... Common name. Allium cepa var. The most serious for the home gardener are likely to be the onion fly, stem and bulb eelworm, white rot, and neck rot. The bulbs may be affected by splitting, white rot, and neck rot. (synonym) Use bulbs for soups, salad dressing, vegetable dishes, and casseroles. It is resistant to damage by deer and rabbits and can be planted near black walnut trees. In dry weather, they can be left on the surface of the soil for a few days for drying, then placed in nets, roped into strings, or laid in layers in shallow boxes. Some varieties of A. cepa, such as shallots and potato onions, produce multiple bulbs. Long and green with a glaucous surface. This group contains shallots and potato onions, also referred to as multiplier onions. From time immemorial, onion has been known all over the world, both as food and medicine, although it may have started its travel from central Asia, Egyptians were using it as early as 3200 BC and in our country, … The bulb is an edible vegetable and is the most commonly used part of the onion, usually consumed after cooking although it can be eaten fresh. Acorus calamus: Araceae: Sweet flag, myrtle flag, calamus, flag root: Rhizome: 2. It has a variety of uses. Vegetables. The bulbs are disfigured and rot, especially in wet weather. Widely cultivated in Europe and Asia as a food and flavouring plant since ancient times, in numerous cultivated forms, and more recently worldwide. 80 pellets. (synonym) Allium cepa var. "[52] They were the product of 30 years of cross-breeding; genetic modification was not employed. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. (synonym) Allium cepa var. The onion plant has been grown and selectively bred in cultivation for at least 7,000 years. Walla Walla Onion (Allium cepa var. They form aggregate clusters of small, narrowly ovoid to pear-shaped bulbs. N.C. Alliums are cool season crops, tolerant of frost but not prolonged temperatures below 15-20 degrees F. Small clusters of white or pink star or bell-shaped flowers with exerted stamens. Allium cepa Taxonomy ID: 4679 (for references in articles please use NCBI:txid4679) current name. Onion: Allium Cepa Onion is a term used for many plants in the genus Allium. For the surname, see. [63] Certain cultivars used for growing and storing bulbs may not have such good storage characteristics as those grown directly from seed. Modern varieties typically grow to a height of 15 to 45 cm (6 to 18 in). [4] The onion is most frequently a biennial or a perennial plant, but is usually treated as an annual and harvested in its first growing season. Its close relatives include the garlic, scallion, shallot, leek, chive,[2] and Chinese onion.[3]. [17] According to diaries kept by certain of the first English colonists, the bulb onion was one of the first crops planted by the Pilgrim fathers.[19]. Young plants of A. fistulosum and A. cepa look very similar, but may be distinguished by their leaves, which are circular in cross-section in A. fistulosum rather than flattened on one side. Young plants are killed and older ones produce soft bulbs. The person may be sleepy, find it difficult to concentrate, or feel foggy with the coryza. Botanical name: Allium cepa 'Sturon' Common name: Onion ; Family: Alliaceae ; Key features: Prefers rich soil Bulbing onions can be used all year round, either fresh from the garden or storage. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees, insects. They are part of a traditional British pub's ploughman's lunch, usually served with crusty bread, English cheese, and ale. General Information. Allium cepa is also known as the “garden onion” or “bulb” onion. It is more or less an acute drug. Onions are cultivated and used around the world. Shallots are a variety in this species. viviparum (Metzg.) Forming a single layer of cells, the bulb epidermis is easy to separate for educational, experimental, and breeding purposes. Allium cepa: Common Name: onion: Family: Lilliaceae: Print with name - Print without name Members of the Lilliaceae Family (Thumbnails): Allium canadense; Allium cepa; Allium fistulosum; Allium porrum; Allium schoenoprasum; Allium spp. How to grow and maintain Onion: Planting: Start seed indoors 8-10 weeks early and transplant outside in spring Or directly seed into the garden in early spring. Phylum: Spermatophyta. Common Name – Onion The common name of Allium cepa is ‘onion’; known everywhere in the world and Indians commonly call it ‘piyaz’. [27] Pearl and boiler onions may be cooked as a vegetable rather than as an ingredient and pickler onions are often preserved in vinegar as a long-lasting relish.[28]. Fitoterapia 2006;77(4):321-323. cepa : garden onion ALCEM: Allium cepa L. var. (synonym) Allium cepa var. Summer, Autumn, Spring. [14], The genus Allium also contains a number of other species variously referred to as onions and cultivated for food, such as the Japanese bunching onion (A. fistulosum), Egyptian onion (A. Onions contribute savoury flavour to dishes without contributing significant caloric content. and A. asarense (R.M. Large quantities of spores are produced and crust-like sclerotia may also develop. Shanking is a condition in which the central leaves turn yellow and the inner part of the bulb collapses into an unpleasant-smelling slime. multiplicans L.H. The bulbs are composed of shortened, compressed, underground stems surrounded by fleshy modified scale (leaves) that envelop a central bud at the tip of the stem. The only name unambiguously connected with the triploid onion is A. chive, garlic, leek, onion, ornamental onion. ‘Golden Gourmet’ has larger and better quality bulbs than ‘Giant Yellow’, with reduced likelihood of bolting. The crop is harvested and dried and the onions are ready for use or storage. Characteristics.-Allium cepa covers more symptoms of common cold than any other remedy, as the well-known effect of onions in producing tears would suggest. Common Name: Onion Scientific Name: Allium cepa Family Name: Alliaceae: Onion introduction & history. Onion has no therapeutic value, but when potentised, it serves as an excellent remedy for any catarrhal inflammation, colds. 25 26 27. Allium cepa is the common onion. Use greens as you would use green onions or chives. Allium cepa L. Genbank common name: onion NCBI BLAST name: monocots Rank: species Genetic code: Translation table 1 (Standard) Mitochondrial genetic code: Translation table 1 (Standard) Plastid genetic code: Translation table 11 (Bacterial, Archaeal and Plant Plastid) Lineage( full ) ex Willd. The base of each leaf is a flattened, usually white sheath that grows out of the basal plate of a bulb. Allium cepa : Other Source(s): Source: Liliaceae s.l. [66], The onion eelworm (Ditylenchus dipsaci), a tiny parasitic soil-living nematode, causes swollen, distorted foliage. [19], Considerable differences exist between onion varieties in phytochemical content, particularly for polyphenols, with shallots having the highest level, six times the amount found in Vidalia onions. Because onion seeds are short-lived, fresh seeds germinate more effectively when sown in shallow drills, then thinning the plants in stages. Preparation. Health Care Professionals and Retailers must order through our Online Ordering Portal. Also, they draw moisture from vegetables with which they are stored which may cause them to decay. Allium cepa var. Find In Stores. praecox Alef. Control measures may include crop rotation, the use of seed dressings, early sowing or planting, and the removal of infested plants. The most closely related species include A. vavilovii (Popov & Vved.) 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